Nominated Proof-of-Stake
Staking Type
Nominated Proof-of-Stake

Subform of PoS, in which token-holders can still participate in the security and maintenance of a blockchain without having to actively operate a node. In NPoS systems, token-holders nominate a set of different validators with their stake using one transaction.

NPoS tries to achieve decentralization and fair representation through proportional justified representation and high security through maximin support. Slots in the active validator set (which changes periodically) are assigned to validators proportional to their nominations (proportional justified representation).

Once in the set, the maximin support provides for a distribution of nominated stake so that every validator in the active set has roughly the same amount of stake backing it.

Staking Type

Blockchains are run and maintained by a decentralized, globally distributed network of nodes and not a central entity. Hence, a mechanism is needed that helps this network, often-times consisting of unknowing or untrusting parties, to establish security, validity, and guaranteeing availability. Currently, there are two main mechanisms, namely Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake, that are used in blockchain networks to provide for security through economic incentives and cryptography. Furthermore, these mechanisms help to appoint the next node which gets to add a new block to the blockchain.

Explore other terms

Protocol Mechanics
For better classification, differentiation and comparability of different Blockchain networks, we identified different Protocol Mechanics.
Staking Mechanics
Staking Mechanics refer to the token economics, which is a new branch of the economy that explains the structure of a particular ecosystem in the blockchain sphere. It describes the study, design, and implementation of economic systems built on blockchain technology. Each platform and blockchain application is developed under its own token-economics model. Proof-of-Stake blockchains not only differ in terms of their 'Protocol Mechanics', but also in terms of certain staking-related parameters, e.g. their reward or inflation rate as well as certain actions that are required by delegators.
Staking Risks
Staking your digital assets is not a risk-free endeavor. Please make sure to review all the risks involved before you start your staking operations and make sure to properly research the validator that you want to stake with.